Amish Facts Most People Wouldn’t Know

Little-Known Amish Facts

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The Amish evoke lots of pleasant associations. Quiet, austere lives spent in close relationship with the land. Simple aesthetics. Family values and unostentatious piety. But, like any culture, the Amish are more complicated than their stereotype. There is a lot about the Amish you probably don’t know.

Were you aware that marriage is mandatory in Amish communities? Or that they refuse to pay into social security?

These facts about the Amish might revise some of the assumptions you had about what life in their world actually looks like. Some of their cultural practices are charming, and some are downright bizarre.

The Amish Were Originally Mennonites

Wikipedia

The Amish were originally named after Jakob Ammann, a Swiss Anabaptist who belonged to the Mennonite Church. Ammann was a biblical literalist whose views alienated many of his Mennonite peers.

Ammann was the head of a religious sect within the Mennonite Church that eventually broke away and formed its own community. That community is what we now refer to as the Amish.

The Amish Aren’t Baptized Until They’re 16

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In order to be confirmed as an adult member of the Amish community, you must first be baptized. The Amish baptism is different than the Catholic baptism, primarily in that it occurs between the ages of sixteen and twenty-five.

Until they are baptized, young Amish are not permitted to marry. Once they are baptized, they are allowed to marry only within their own community.

The Amish Practice Nonresistance

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The Amish, like many other Christian sects such as the Quakers, are nonviolent. Their spiritual views are incompatible with violence and nonviolence is a policy strictly adhered to.

Amish men and women do not and cannot volunteer for the military. This did not stop the US government from drafting Amish men during World War II.

During WWII, the Amish experienced persecution for not participating in the War willingly.

Amish Dolls Are Faceless

Wikipedia

The Amish believe that vanity is a sin. In order to discourage too much concern over appearance, they give their children faceless dolls to play with.

The belief is that the faceless dolls will draw the child’s attention away from superficial appearances.

Rumspringa

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Perhaps the most famous cultural tradition, Rumspringa is a brief period of time during a young Amish person’s transition to adulthood when they are permitted to experience life among the “English,” the Amish term for non-Amish people.

The rules of Rumspringa vary from community to community, but the general idea is that an Amish child who is about to become an adult is sent out into the world to experience a different way of life. They must then make a decision whether or not to be confirmed as Amish. If they decide to sever ties with their birth community, they are often shunned for the rest of their lives.

Rumspringa is typically associated with excess. Whether or not the real, lived Rumspringa is a booze-fueled party is less clear.

The Amish Don’t Play Instruments

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Have you ever heard Amish music? Probably not. If you have, there were probably no instruments backing the vocals.

This is because the Amish believe musical instruments encourage pride and vanity. A reasonable point, perhaps.

All Amish music is performed a capella.

The Amish Are Growing

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The Amish constitute a very small proportion of the American population. However, the Amish are growing in number.

Between 2000 and 2017, the Amish population swelled from about 175,000 individuals to 300,000.

A typical Amish family will have about six to seven children.

They follow strict gender roles

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Amish gender relations are very much not in keeping with the English sensibility. Gender roles are strictly adhered to, with women performing most or all of the housekeeping duties.

Amish women are expected to be wives and mothers, while Amish men perform farming labor.

In the Amish world, women are also expected to defer to their husbands’ wishes.

The Amish Do Shun

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The Amish are famous for their policy of “shunning” wayward members of their flock, who transgress against an Amish ethical standard.

When someone is shunned, the blackout is less complete than sometimes portrayed. It is erroneously believed that nobody is allowed to speak to the shunned, but this is not always true. What is true is that the shunned person experiences various kinds of social stigma, like a ban on doing business with them, or being forced to eat all meals at a table by themselves.

Shunning is meant to punish, and to draw the shunned person back into the values of the church.

Excommunication

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When someone in the Amish community commits a transgression that is severe enough, they may be excommunicated entirely.

They are banned from any form of communication with members of their Amish community, including family. They are also cast out of the village.

Anyone who is caught having any dealings with the excommunicated will also be excommunicated themselves.

They Drive Horses And Buggies

Popular Mechanics

The Amish are not permitted to use any modern machinery that requires electricity. There are allegedly people who break this rule in secret.

One of the banned technologies is the automobile. The Amish use horses and buggies for transportation. Young Amish also commonly use roller skates.

The Amish believe that having a car reduces that member’s reliance on the rest of the community for assistance, a bad thing.

They Do Actually Raise Barns

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Along with the horse and buggy, the beard, and Rumspringa, perhaps the most famous Amish trope is the barn raising. Barn raising ceremonies do happen, and are culturally important.

Barn raisings occur when the Amish community combines their efforts to construct a barn for someone.

It is considered an important gesture of community solidarity.

Church Is Held In Living Rooms

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Some Amish communities have designated church buildings in which religious services are held. However, they’re the exception to a rule.

Typically, Amish religious services are held on a rotating weekly basis in various community members’ homes.

This practice may be a holdover from the early days of Amish life, when they were still persecuted by the Mennonites.

Beards Have Symbolic Weight

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As mentioned earlier, Amish men are famous for their long beards. Much like everything with the Amish, the beard has cultural significance.

An Amish man is only permitted to grow a beard once they marry. In fact, it is mandatory.

Amish men, however, are not allowed to grow mustaches.

The Meaning Of The Blue Dress

The Amish Clothesline

Women also have a system for signaling whether or not they are married. An Amish woman must sew herself a blue dress for their wedding day.

Married Amish women continue to wear the blue dress on Sundays, to religious services.

 The Amish Are Conservative

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As could be expected, the Amish have a complicated and ambiguous relationship with politics. Where they are politically engaged, they tend to vote Republican.

There are, of course, exceptions. There are also many Amish who believe that matters of public affairs should be kept entirely separate from religious life.

Regardless of political affiliation or lack thereof, the Amish still believe that Biblical law supersedes secular law.

Children Go To One-Room Schoolhouses

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Amish children are usually educated in one-room schoolhouses. Classes are taught by a community member.

When the children grow to a certain age, they are required to undertake vocational training in the larger community.

Typically, this training is oriented towards farming, carpentry, weaving, or other skills that are useful in the Amish community.

No Photos

amishamerica.com

The Amish subscribe to the belief that it is unlawful to voluntarily have one’s picture taken. Outside visitors to Amish communities are routinely issued strong warnings not to attempt to take photos of the Amish.

This belief stems from the fact that a fixed image is unnatural, and therefore a potential inroad for Satanic influence.

The Dabbler

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One of the reasons why the Amish community is growing is that it is exceptionally rare for members to eschew Amish life. An estimated eighty to ninety percent of young Amish who participate in Rumspringa choose to remain in their birth community.

When you weigh a year of binge drinking against never being able to see your family again, it’s understandable why they would make that choice. It may also be a testament to the strength of the Amish community, or a weakness in our own.

Telephones

Public History Corner

Remarkably, some Amish sects do permit their members to use cell phones. Most, however, do not.

Many Amish communities maintain a “community phone,” a single phone used to contact the English world.

Amish DUIs

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The police consider a horse and buggy to be a vehicle. When driving a horse and buggy, therefore, the Amish are still subject to intoxication laws.

Alcohol is generally not sanctioned among the Amish, but there have been DUI horse and buggy cases.

Unsurprisingly, it is much more common for a young Amish person to get a DUI than an older one.

Dating Amish

LifeDaily

It is forbidden for an Amish person to have a romantic relationship with anyone who is not a member of their community.

As a rule, Amish communities do not allow their members to court or marry the English. Some Amish sects are so strict that their members are not even permitted to have a relationship with an Amish person from a different community.

The Amish Have Less Cancer

Daily Health Post

The Amish sacrifice the majority of modern conveniences in order to pursue their way of life. One of the benefits is that the Amish have a lower incidence of cancers.

While we don’t know for certain exactly why this is the case, people have speculated that it may have something to do with their food.

Almost all of the food the Amish eat is cultivated from Amish land. The Amish are also heavily reliant on hard physical labor, keeping them in better shape for longer.

Some Amish Run Puppy Mills

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If you’ve been on Facebook in the past five years, you’ve probably seen someone post about puppy mills. Puppy mills are dog breeding operations that sell puppies to chain pet stores. The puppies often live in squalid conditions before being shipped out.

Lancaster, Pennsylvania bears the dubious distinction of being the puppy mill capital of the country. Many of the Lancaster mills are run by the Amish.

Amish Crime

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There is a single documented case of homicide within an Amish community. A mentally ill man named Edward Gingerich killed his wife Katie.

Gingerich served five years in prison before killing himself by hanging in 2011.

Life inside the Amish communities may not be as rosy as we perceive it to be from the outside. Multiple people who grew up in Amish communities have come forward with frightening accounts of domestic abuse and rape.

 

The Amish, as mentioned earlier, do not participate in the military. They also do not participate in any government-run assistance or insurance programs.

Amish people do not have social security cards. When they do, it’s only in order to opt out of Social Security and Medicare tax.

via: www.historyinorbit

12 Myths That Movies Made Us Believe

The movies are guilty of making us believe in many different things, but these 12 myths are busted!

 

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Illustrator Lenya Brick especially for BrightSide.me

via: brightside.me

People Who Eat Ketchup Are Being Warned By Doctors…

The majority of us always have ketchup in the fridge, as we put ketchup in the sandwiches, hot dogs, on French fries..Unfortunately, only a few are aware of the effects of this condiment.

Apparently, our favourite condiment contains much more than a healthy tomato dose.

If you grab a bottle of Heinz ketchup and review its ingredients, you will read the following:

  1. Tomato concentrates from red ripe tomatoes
  2. Distilled vinegar
  3. High-fructose corn syrup (or sugar)
  4. Corn syrup (sugar-again!)
  5. Salt
  6. Spices
  7. Onion powder
  8. Natural flavouring

First of all, don’t you think its’ strange that our ketchup contains a double dose of sugar? The terms high-fructose corn syrup and corn syrup are just fancy names for sugar.

Additionally, the law demands that ingredients are listed according to their amount, that is, to the weight, in the product, from the greatest to the least.

Yet, if we combine the amounts of corn syrup and high-fructose corn syrup, we can easily see that sugar should be second on the list.

This made Mr. Eastcoastman do a small experiment which gave surprising effects! He filled up a typical 1.3-liter bottle of Heinz ketchup with the actual amount of sugar it has, and it had 33 tablespoons of sugar!

Also, two tablespoons of this ketchup contain 2 teaspoons of sugar, which is quite much, especially if we consider the recommended dose of 6 teaspoons daily for women, by the American Heart Association. This means that ketchup takes up a third of your daily sugar quota!

Furthermore, the distilled vinegar in Heinz ketchup is unhealthy as it is made of GMO corn, and it is openly admitted on the Heinz website!

Despite the numerous debates about the effects of GMO foods on our health, it has been recently found that they are linked to the Monsanto’s Roundup herbicide, which is used on genetically modified crops.

This pesticide apparently contains a carcinogenic chemical, called glyphosate, which has been found in the blood and urine of numerous people all over the world. This chemical has been linked to numerous autoimmune disorders, autism, acute toxicity, leaky gut syndrome, and much more.

Unfortunately, this chemical has been in our environment for long and has caused numerous adverse effects.

About ten years ago, honey bees all around the world began to experience Colony Collapse Disorder, and as soon as they came into contact with GMO crops sprayed with this harmful pesticide, they brought the chemical back to the hive with them.

Then, before new hives could be formed, they would die off. This toxic herbicide also caused behavioral issues and memory problems in newborn babies.

Additionally, do you have an idea what do the labels “spices” and “natural flavoring” refer to?- Well, ask the food manufacturers, as they are the only ones who know!

Under the sham that manufacturers hide the full list of ingredients for competitors not to duplicate it, they are allowed to get away with it.

Spices often refer to MSG, but they hide it as they can predict the reaction of their customers.

When it comes to “natural flavorings”, which need to be free of artificial ingredients and colors, they can be an issue for vegans and vegetarians, as they regard ketchup as vegetarian, while these natural flavorings may actually include meat!

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Mind Blowing Facts Will Destroy Your Understanding Of Time

WOW!!  These facts truly are mind blowing!!

France was still executing people by guillotine when Star Wars came out.

factsstarwars

Star Wars premiered in theaters in May 1977. The last execution by guillotine took place September 10th of the same year.

Every two minutes, we take as many photos as all of humanity took during the 1800s.

factsmindOn the left is the first photograph ever taken (1826), View from the Window at Le Gras by French inventor Joseph Nicéphore Niépce. On the right is a cat who accidentally took a picture of itself (2013). It’s estimated that in 2014, humans will take 880 billion photos (not including cats). In fact, 10% of all the photos ever taken were taken in the past 12 months.

Oxford University is older than the Aztecs.

factsmind2Teaching started in Oxford as early as 1096, and by 1249, the University was officially founded. The Aztec civilization as we know it began with the founding of Tenochtitlán in 1325.

Will Smith is now older than Uncle Phil was at the beginning of “The Fresh Prince.”

factsmind3When James Avery (Uncle Phil) started on The Fresh Prince, he was 45-years-old. Today, Will Smith is a slightly older 45.

In the span of 66 years, we went from taking flight to landing on the moon.

factsmind4In 1903 the Wright brothers successfully flew a plane for a whopping 59 seconds. 38 years later, in 1941, the Japanese used flight to bomb Pearl Harbor. Only 28 years after that, Apollo 11 landed on the moon in 1969.

There is more processing power in a TI-83 calculator than in the computer that landed Apollo 11 on the moon.

factsmind5The guidance computer from the Apollo 11 mission ran at 1.024 MHz, about 1/6th of the processing power of a TI-83 calculator. One is used by students to play Tetris, the other took humans to the moon.

The oldest living person’s birth is closer to the signing of the Constitution than present day.

factsmind6Misao Okawa was born in 1898, an astonishing 116 years ago. The Constitution was signed in 1787, which makes her life 4 years closer to the historic Philadelphia convention than to today.

John Tyler, America’s 10th President, has two living grandchildren.

factsmind7John Tyler served from 1841 to 1845, a full 20 years before Abraham Lincoln. He had a son, Lyon, at age 63. Lyon would have Lyon Jr. and Harrison at 71 and 75, respectively. Both are still alive today and in their 80’s.

The first pyramids were built while the woolly mammoth was still alive.

factsmind8While most mammoths died out long before civilizations arose, a small populations survived until 1650 BC. By that point, Egypt was halfway through its empire, and the Giza Pyramids were already 1000 years old.

The fax machine was invented the same year people were traveling the Oregon Trail.

factsmind9The first fax machine was developed by Alexander Bain in 1843, meanwhile The Great Migration began across America.

Betty White is older than sliced bread.

factsmind10Otto Frederick Rohwedder invented sliced bread in 1928, while Betty White was born in 1922. Bread had existed prior, just not in the pre-sliced form.

This is what the difference in Olympic Gold looks like across 56 years of women’s vault.

factsmind11On the left, Larisa Latinya wins gold for the USSR in 1956. On the right, McKayla Maroney wins gold for the US in 2012.

Everything in this 1991 RadioShack ad exists in a single smartphone.

factsmind12Gordon Moore, co-founder of Intel, stated that over the history of computing, the number of transistors on circuits doubles approximately every two years. Moore’s Law has held true for over 40 years and successfully predicted our incredible advancement in mobile technology.

When Warner Brothers formed, the Ottoman Empire was still alive.

factsmind13Harry, Albert, Sam, and Jack Warner opened their first theater, the Cascade, in New Castle, Pennsylvania in 1903. Meanwhile, the Ottoman Empire spanned from 1299 to 1923, when Turkey became an independent nation.

Harvard University was founded before calculus was derived.

factsmind14Harvard is the oldest higher education institution in the US, founded in 1636. Calculus wasn’t derived until later in the 17th century, with the work of Gottfried Leibniz and Isaac Newton.

The last time the Chicago Cubs won a World Series, women were not allowed to vote.

factsmind15The infamous cold streak by the Chicago Cubs baseball team extends back to 1908, when they won their second World Series. Women in the US acquired the vote in 1920.

Humans never fully experience the “present” – we’re always living in the past.

factsmind16Every human being is living at least 80 milliseconds in the past. David Eagleman believes that our consciousness lags behind actual events and that when you think an event occurs, it has already happened before your brain has a chance to create a cohesive picture of the world.

There was more time between the Stegosaurus and the Tyrannosaurus Rex than between the Tyrannosaurus Rex and you.

factsmind17The Stegosaurus lived ~150 million years ago, while the T-Rex lived only ~65 million years ago. Practically yesterday.

If you’re over 45, the world population has doubled in your lifetime.

factsmind18In 1968, the world population was 3,557,000,000. Today, the world population is 7,217,000,000 and grows by over 200,000 daily.

There are whales alive today who were born before Moby Dick was written.

factsmind19Some of the bowhead whales living off the coast of Alaska are well over 200 years old. They were born well before Moby Dick was written in 1851.

If the history of Earth were compressed to a single year, modern humans would appear on December 31st at about 11:58pm.

factsmind20The human race has lived on Earth for only 0.004% of the planet’s history.

If that’s not enough, this is what’s happening in the world at this very moment.

factsmind21This brilliant comic by artist XKCD is called Frequency. It’s one thing to talk about time…it’s another thing to feel it.

Our obsessive fascination with time is unique to the human race. Although we’ve tried to measure it, track it, and define it since the dawn of civilization, facts like these show us how inaccurate our perceptions can be and how much we have yet to learn about the fourth dimension. Share this post with others and enlighten them about time!

 

Source Via: coolandfunny.net